A vehicle's braking system incurs the most friction during the vehicle's lifespan. As a result, you need to service your braking system so that it functions properly. Failing to conduct an auto brake service could result in the brakes malfunctioning or failing. In the worst-case scenario, your brakes could fail or malfunction while driving and cause a collision.
Here are three types of auto car brake services and how to determine when you need them.
1. Brake Pad Replacement
Brake pads are the rubber linings attached to the brake shoe. When you step on the brake pedal, the brake pads contact the rotor creating friction to slow down or stop the car. Brake pads wear out quickly. Therefore, you should replace them regularly for better braking performance.
When your brake pads start to wear out, you will notice delayed braking. Thus, your car will take longer to slow down or stop when you hit the brakes. The slow braking occurs because the worn-out brake pads can no longer produce adequate friction to stop the car.
If your brake pads completely wear out, the metal shoe and the rotor will be in contact. As a result, your car will make a screeching or grinding noise when you brake. Whenever you notice slowed braking or screeching and grinding noises, it means you need a brake pad replacement service.
2. Brake Bleeding or Flushing
Bleeding the brakes means removing air bubbles and moisture from the brake line. Brake flushing refers to replacing contaminated brake fluid with fresh braking fluid.
When moisture and air bubbles develop in your brake lines or master cylinder, they contaminate the brake fluid. The presence of moisture or air in the brake fluid compromises the braking system by reducing the braking force.
If your brake pedal loses response or feels frail under your foot, it is a sign that there is moisture or air bubbles in your brake fluid. As long as moisture and air bubbles are in your brake fluid, your braking system will not function properly. The braking force provided by your brakes will not be sufficient to slow down your car effectively.
You need brake bleeding or flushing services to remove the air bubbles and moisture.
3. Brake Caliper Replacement or Rebuilding
The brake caliper houses, the brake shoe, and the brake pistons. It works to direct and equalize the braking force on a tire.
If a brake caliper malfunctions or wears out, your vehicle will jerk to one side when you brake. The jerking occurs due to the brake caliper failing to regulate the amount of braking force. Hence, the braking force applied on the wheel is more or less than the braking force on the other wheels.
When you notice your vehicle jerking to one side when you brake, you should consider replacing or rebuilding the brake caliper. Generally, rebuilding a brake caliper is less expensive than replacing it.